1917-2017: Lessons of the Bygone Century

January 13, 2017, 09:30 – 11:30, Building 5, 3rd Floor, Green Hall

This panel marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution.  Thinking  of this as a long process, centered on 1917, the experts examine the immediate social movements that led up to regime collapse, the role of World War I,  and the longer impact of structural factors and political opposition for the legacies of 1917 and the larger Revolution throughout the twentieth century. Events and their consequences in Russia in February 1917 bear similarities to later color revolutions globally. However, in Russia the struggle for power continued and the new “democratic” power, the Provisional Government, proved vulnerable to ongoing opposition from soldiers returning from their defeat in World War I, peasants who aspired for more land and empowerment in the village, growing demands for autonomy from the borderlands, and an organized revolutionary movement in St Petersburg.  

Issues for Discussion

  • Did February 1917 provide a model for the color revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe?
  • Were living standards actually rising before the Russian Revolution?  If so, how can discontent be explained?
  • Can it be said that the Russian Revolution of 1917 and its outcomes built on, but also destroyed, 19th century concepts of revolution?
  • To what extent does persistent inequality play a role in 20th century revolutions?
  • What is the role of power in the process of revolution?

Moderators

Participants

  • Andrey Artizov
    Andrey Artizov

    Head, Federal Archival Agency

  • Branko Milanović
    Branko Milanović

    Professor, City University of New York; Senior Scholar, Luxembourg Income Study

  • Leonid Borodkin
    Leonid Borodkin

    Head of the Center for Economic History, Lomonosov Moscow State University

  • Vladimir Buldakov
    Vladimir Buldakov

    Chief Researcher, Institute of Russian History, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Robert Service
    Robert Service

    Emeritus Professor of Russian History, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford

  • Andrei Markevich
    Andrei Markevich

    Head, Institutional Economics Chair, NES

  • George Lawson
    George Lawson

    Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, LSE

  • Daniel Orlovsky
    Daniel Orlovsky

    Professor, George Bouhe Research Fellow in Russian Studies, Dedman College of Humanities and Sciences, Southern Methodist University

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This panel marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution.  Thinking  of this as a long process, centered on 1917, the experts examine the immediate social movements that led up to regime collapse, the role of World War I,  and the longer impact of structural factors and political opposition for the legacies of 1917 and the larger Revolution throughout the twentieth century. Events and their consequences in Russia in February 1917 bear similarities to later color revolutions globally. However, in Russia the struggle for power continued and the new “democratic” power, the Provisional Government, proved vulnerable to ongoing opposition from soldiers returning from their defeat in World War I, peasants who aspired for more land and empowerment in the village, growing demands for autonomy from the borderlands, and an organized revolutionary movement in St Petersburg.  

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This panel marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution.  Thinking  of this as a long process, centered on 1917, the experts examine the immediate social movements that led up to regime collapse, the role of World War I,  and the longer impact of structural factors and political opposition for the legacies of 1917 and the larger Revolution throughout the twentieth century. Events and their consequences in Russia in February 1917 bear similarities to later color revolutions globally. However, in Russia the struggle for power continued and the new “democratic” power, the Provisional Government, proved vulnerable to ongoing opposition from soldiers returning from their defeat in World War I, peasants who aspired for more land and empowerment in the village, growing demands for autonomy from the borderlands, and an organized revolutionary movement in St Petersburg.  

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  • Were living standards actually rising before the Russian Revolution?  If so, how can discontent be explained?
  • Can it be said that the Russian Revolution of 1917 and its outcomes built on, but also destroyed, 19th century concepts of revolution?
  • To what extent does persistent inequality play a role in 20th century revolutions?
  • What is the role of power in the process of revolution?

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120 [CODE] => MSP_REPRESENTATIVES [DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] => [TYPE] => HTML ) [PROPERTY_TYPE] => S [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => HTML [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => Array ( [height] => 200 ) [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Представители МСП [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] => [TYPE] => HTML ) ) [MEDIA_LINK] => Array ( [ID] => 135 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2018-01-16 21:02:27 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Медиаматериалы [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 130 [CODE] => MEDIA_LINK [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => E [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 36 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Медиаматериалы [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [CALENDAR] => Array ( [ID] => 131 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:20:36 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Календарь [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 140 [CODE] => CALENDAR [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Календарь [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [EVENT_INFO] => Array ( [ID] => 132 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:20:36 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Информационное событие [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 150 [CODE] => EVENT_INFO [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Информационное событие [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [CHANGE] => Array ( [ID] => 133 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:20:36 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Изменение [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 160 [CODE] => CHANGE [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Изменение [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [LANGUAGES] => Array ( [ID] => 224 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:26:52 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Рабочие языки [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 170 [CODE] => LANGUAGES [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Рабочие языки [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [INVITATION_ONLY] => Array ( [ID] => 225 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-22 18:34:07 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Вход по индивидуальным приглашениям [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 180 [CODE] => INVITATION_ONLY [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Вход по индивидуальным приглашениям [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [PREMIUM_ONLY] => Array ( [ID] => 233 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-22 18:34:07 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Вход с бэйджами категории «ПРЕМИУМ» [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 190 [CODE] => PREMIUM_ONLY [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Вход с бэйджами категории «ПРЕМИУМ» [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [KEYNOTE_FILE] => Array ( [ID] => 239 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2019-01-14 21:47:41 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Доклад [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 200 [CODE] => KEYNOTE_FILE [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => F [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => pdf [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => Y [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Доклад [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [OPENINGS] => Array ( [ID] => 241 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2018-01-05 18:10:45 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Открытие [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 500 [CODE] => OPENINGS [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => E [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 17 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Открытие [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [EVENT_CATEGORY] => Array ( [ID] => 298 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2019-12-27 11:18:04 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Категория мероприятия [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 500 [CODE] => EVENT_CATEGORY [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Категория мероприятия [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [KEYREPORT2S] => Array ( [ID] => 306 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2019-12-31 10:17:49 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Ключевые выступления [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 500 [CODE] => KEYREPORT2S [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => E [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 17 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Ключевые выступления [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) ) [DISPLAY_PROPERTIES] => Array ( [QUESTIONS] => Array ( [ID] => 50 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:14:00 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Вопросы для обсуждения [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 10 [CODE] => QUESTIONS [DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TYPE] => HTML [TEXT] => ) [PROPERTY_TYPE] => S [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => 12 [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => Y [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => HTML [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => Array ( [height] => 200 ) [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => 5394 [VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] => <ul class="style-prog-list"> <li>Did February 1917 provide a model for the color revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe? </li> <li> Were living standards actually rising before the Russian Revolution?  If so, how can discontent be explained? </li> <li> Can it be said that the Russian Revolution of 1917 and its outcomes built on, but also destroyed, 19<sup>th</sup> century concepts of revolution? </li> <li> To what extent does persistent inequality play a role in 20th century revolutions? </li> <li> What is the role of power in the process of revolution? </li> </ul> <br> [TYPE] => HTML ) [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] =>
  • Did February 1917 provide a model for the color revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe?
  • Were living standards actually rising before the Russian Revolution?  If so, how can discontent be explained?
  • Can it be said that the Russian Revolution of 1917 and its outcomes built on, but also destroyed, 19th century concepts of revolution?
  • To what extent does persistent inequality play a role in 20th century revolutions?
  • What is the role of power in the process of revolution?

[TYPE] => HTML ) [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Вопросы для обсуждения [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TYPE] => HTML [TEXT] => ) [DISPLAY_VALUE] =>
  • Did February 1917 provide a model for the color revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe?
  • Were living standards actually rising before the Russian Revolution?  If so, how can discontent be explained?
  • Can it be said that the Russian Revolution of 1917 and its outcomes built on, but also destroyed, 19th century concepts of revolution?
  • To what extent does persistent inequality play a role in 20th century revolutions?
  • What is the role of power in the process of revolution?

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[~IBLOCK_SECTION_ID] => 168 [IBLOCK_TYPE_ID] => content [~IBLOCK_TYPE_ID] => content [IBLOCK_CODE] => experts [~IBLOCK_CODE] => experts [IBLOCK_EXTERNAL_ID] => 800 [~IBLOCK_EXTERNAL_ID] => 800 [LID] => en [~LID] => en ) ) ) [MEMBERS] => Array ( [ID] => 69 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:18:19 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Участники [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 70 [CODE] => MEMBERS [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => E [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 17 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => Array ( [0] => 8280 [1] => 8281 [2] => 8283 [3] => 8284 [4] => 8285 [5] => 8286 [6] => 8287 [7] => 18110 ) [VALUE] => Array ( [0] => 2612 [1] => 1156 [2] => 2621 [3] => 2622 [4] => 2614 [5] => 2615 [6] => 1217 [7] => 2619 ) [DESCRIPTION] => Array ( [0] => [1] => [2] => [3] => [4] => [5] => [6] => [7] => ) [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => Array ( [0] => 2612 [1] => 1156 [2] => 2621 [3] => 2622 [4] => 2614 [5] => 2615 [6] => 1217 [7] => 2619 ) [~DESCRIPTION] => Array ( [0] => [1] => [2] => [3] => [4] => [5] => [6] => [7] => ) [~NAME] => Участники [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => [DISPLAY_VALUE] => Array ( [0] => Andrey Artizov [1] => Branko Milanović [2] => Leonid Borodkin [3] => Vladimir Buldakov [4] => Robert Service [5] => Andrei Markevich [6] => George Lawson [7] => Daniel Orlovsky ) [LINK_ELEMENT_VALUE] => Array ( [2612] => Array ( [ID] => 2612 [~ID] => 2612 [IBLOCK_ID] => 17 [~IBLOCK_ID] => 17 [NAME] => Andrey Artizov [~NAME] => Andrey Artizov [DETAIL_PAGE_URL] => /experts/andrey-artizov/ [~DETAIL_PAGE_URL] => /experts/andrey-artizov/ [PREVIEW_PICTURE] => 3178 [~PREVIEW_PICTURE] => 3178 [DETAIL_PICTURE] => [~DETAIL_PICTURE] => [SORT] => 500 [~SORT] => 500 [LANG_DIR] => / [~LANG_DIR] => / [CODE] => andrey-artizov [~CODE] => 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This panel marks the centenary of the Russian Revolution.  Thinking  of this as a long process, centered on 1917, the experts examine the immediate social movements that led up to regime collapse, the role of World War I,  and the longer impact of structural factors and political opposition for the legacies of 1917 and the larger Revolution throughout the twentieth century. Events and their consequences in Russia in February 1917 bear similarities to later color revolutions globally. However, in Russia the struggle for power continued and the new “democratic” power, the Provisional Government, proved vulnerable to ongoing opposition from soldiers returning from their defeat in World War I, peasants who aspired for more land and empowerment in the village, growing demands for autonomy from the borderlands, and an organized revolutionary movement in St Petersburg.  

)