Trust and punishment: why robots will not replace officials

The implementation of the principles of justice, equality, freedom, and privacy in a modern digital society was discussed on January 15 at the 11th Gaidar Forum held at the RANEPA by participants of the discussion "Ethical problems of digital technology: How to find a solution?"

The penetration of new technologies into our lives makes us constantly think about security. "We have already discussed with the Ministry of Justice whether it is time to introduce such a concept as a "technical person" that would regulate the actions of robots. Back then, the ministry thought it was too early to do it, but I think we will return to this idea again," said Pavel Golosov, dean of the faculty of information technology and data analysis of the RANEPA.

Valery Karpov, Head of the Department of Neurocognitive Sciences and Intelligent Systems at the Kurchatov Research Center, Vice-President of the Russian Association for Artificial Intelligence, noted the importance of transparency in the decision-making system of the neural network, "If an intelligent system makes a decision that is critical for a human being, it should explain why it made it. This should not be a "black box". If there is no explanation, a man will not trust it. The explanatory component is very important for commercial use as well."

Talking about total digitalization is premature, this is largely due to the issue of trust to the decisions that machines make, stressed Alexei Gorobtsov, director of the Digital State Development Department of the Russian Ministry of Digital Development, Telecommunications and Mass Media. "It is impossible to discard analog services now, leaving only thedigital ones. There are people, who are ready to use electronic services, and there are those who want to come to a MFC personally because they do not believe a machine. I think that at least three generations will change before we are ready to this," said the representative of the Russian Ministry of Communications.

During the discussion, the principles of digital transformation of public administration, issues of inequality in access to digital technologies and differences in their use by representatives of different generations were also discussed. Session moderator Mariya Shklyaruk, Academic Director of the Center for the Training of Digital Transformation Executives, RANEPA, Director General of the Center for Advanced Management Solutions, recalled that in ethical disputes one of the most important questions is still "who is to blame?", "When it comes to public administration, in case of an error it is clear that the official has to be punished. But how to punish artificial intelligence if it failed?"

The discussion was attended by Executive Director of Seldon Group of Companies Iliya Dimitrov, Associate Professor of the Department of Sociology and Philosophy of the European University in St. Petersburg, STS Center Researcher Lilia Zemnukhova, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Russian Investments Group of Companies Kirill Ignatiev, and other experts.


The 11th Gaidar Forum “Russia and the World: Challenges of the New Decade” is being held at RANEPA on January 15 and 16, 2020. The forum is focused on the goals of national and global development and the search for practical answers to the most pressing challenges of our time. The forum is attended by ministers of the Government of the Russian Federation, members of the Federal Assembly, governors of the Russian regions, prominent international experts, and representatives of foreign states.

The organizers of the 11th Gaidar Forum are the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia.

The title partners of the Gaidar Forum are PJSC Gazprom and JSC Gazprombank. The strategic partners are Coca-Cola, Mastercard, Russian Railways, Pharmstandard group of companies, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Novartis group of companies, MSD, AKIG group of companies, EF Education First. Partners are Prosveshchenie group of companies, EY, Huawei, RVC JSC, Russian Agricultural Bank JSC.

The title information partners of the Gaidar Forum are the Russia-24 TV channel, TASS, RBC, Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishing House, Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Invest-Forsythe magazine, Federal Press Agency. The main information partners are, Gazeta.Ru, Lenta.Ru,, Profile. International partners are RT, ThomsonReuters, Sputnik, EFE, Cision, Pan Pacific Agency. Information partners are Snob media project, AEI PRIME, RNS, Expert magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta,, Ekho Moskvy radio station, PRO Business TV channel, FINAM.RU information and analytical agency, Davydov.Index, Strategiya magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Gosudarstvennaya Sluzhba magazine, TV BRICS.