The use of new technologies will be the key to the integrated development of the humanity
At the 11th Gaidar Forum at the Presidential Academy, an expert discussion “Best practices to achieve the sustainable development goals” was held. It was devoted to the problem of achievement of sustainable development goals (SDGs) using the generally accepted system of indicators, objectives of the state and the society in the context of sustainable development, and development of partnership between countries.
Professor Rae Kwon Chung, Member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Nobel Peace Prize Laureate 2007, said that one of the priority sustainable development goals is environment protection. “I have been promoting the green growth theory since 2005, it implies creation of new economic growth engines and jobs with green power involved,” Rae Kwon Chung told. Many countries, such as China and USA, invest in solar energy or switch to resource-saving low-carbon production. Other countries must follow this example. Such practice will not just slow down the climate change rates, but will also help foster economic growth.
According to Boris Porfiryev, Director, the Institute of Economic Forecasting, the Russian Academy of Sciences, “practices will be the best, if they are based on tailored strategies”. They shall be implemented at all levels: at enterprises, corporations, and in regions. Now, this process is moving very slowly, there is a serious lag in all 169 goals on the SDG agenda. “The motion is going in the wrong direction,” Boris Porfiryev believes: “Increase of the quality of life, reduction of inequality and fulfilment of other sustainable development goals are unachievable in the context of falling economy.”
According to the director of the academic university, the second important problem is wrong problem statement and shift of sustainable development goals. At this stage, SDGs adapt to the goals of combating climate change. Boris Porfiryev, in turn, believes that climate change problems should be resolved for economic growth, rather than vice versa.
The expert also gave examples of promotion of the best practices. They reduce to stop giving the absolute priority to the climate change problem (that entails insulation of other SDGs), change the strategic disposition towards social and economic policy, and advancement of priority sustainable development goals. They include eradication of poverty and hunger, health promotion and increase of life expectancy. President Vladimir Putin also spoke about it today in his message to the Federal Assembly.
Andrey Margolin, Discussion Moderator; Provost, Director of the Institute of Finance and Sustainable Development, RANEPA, cited a saying by Mahatma Gandhi: “The world is large enough for everyone's needs but not large enough for one man's greed.” This saying pertains directly and exclusively to sustainable development problems, because, in chase of here-and-now profit, we forget about SDGs, Andrey Margolin believes. He showed results of expert survey, according to which the major reasons for slowdown of economic growth are the predominance of short-term goals over long-term and credibility gap that blocks any advancement. The speaker mentioned that “we won’t be able to do anything without a high-quality continuous education,” economic development and cooperation between countries. Andrew Wachtel is Rector of Narxoz University in Kazakhstan, and Sergey Semyonov, Director of the Research and Educational Center of Sustainable Development, IFSD, RANEPA, agreed with it. The latter, in turn, presented a quarterly digest of sustainable development, aimed at popularization of SDGs and spread of new approaches and solutions.
Alikhan Baymenov, Chairman of the Steering Committee, Regional Hub of Civil Service, Kazakhstan, added that, in addition to the international cooperation, the government must “perform its work in good faith” and constantly remember about SDG indicators. Mr. Baymenov suggested to create an expert platform at the UN for various issues of human well-being. According to him, “the use of new technologies and achievements shall lead to the integrated development of the entire humanity.”
Juraj Nemec, Member of the UN Committee of Experts on Public Administration, shared a document developed by him and his team in 2018. He highlighted three economic governance principles (inclusion, accountability and effectiveness) and emphasized that “ the key sustainable development strategy is interaction between science and politics”.
Gennady Palchik, Rector of the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Belarus, spoke about the national coordination mechanism for SDG fulfilment, which made it possible to assign responsibility to specific ministries and agencies, to create a platform to share experience and effectively address vertical and horizontal coordination objectives. In 2019, the Republic of Belarus was the regional leader in fulfilment of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and was ranked 23rd among 162 countries.
According to Ralph Gonsalves, Prime Minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, his state “needs a revolution in education and professional training”. To attract the young generation, the government arranges an employment program. Tourism, energy, transportation system, healthcare and international relations are developing in the country. St. Vincent and the Grenadines is cooperating with Cuba, Mexico, Iran, Turkey and Russia in these issues.
“Governments do a lot to achieve SDGs, but there is a danger of going off-piste,” Ben Slay, Senior Economist, UNDP's Regional Bureau for Europe and the CIS, expressed his concern. Indeed, for the last five years, half of indicators were put to good use. “This is progress, but a lot of objectives still face us. There are problems related to municipal infrastructure, climatic risks. There is a hope that the future of the planet will be more successful,” the speaker concluded.
The 11th Gaidar Forum “Russia and the World: Challenges of the New Decade” is being held at the Presidential Academy on January 15 and 16, 2020. The forum is focused on the goals of national and global development and the search for practical answers to the most pressing challenges of our time. The forum is attended by ministers of the Government of the Russian Federation, members of the Federal Assembly, governors of the Russian regions, prominent international experts, and representatives of foreign states.
The organizers of the 11th Gaidar Forum are the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia.
The title partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom PJSC and Gazprombank JSC. The strategic partners are Coca-Cola, Mastercard, Russian Railways, Pharmstandard group of companies, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Novartis group of companies, MSD, AKIG group of companies, EF Education First. Partners are Prosveshchenie group of companies, EY, Huawei, RVC JSC, Russian Agricultural Bank JSC.
The title information partners of the Gaidar Forum are the Russia-24 TV channel, TASS, RBC, Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishing House, Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Invest Foresight magazine, Federal Press Agency. The main information partners are Anews.com, Gazeta.Ru, Lenta.Ru, News.ru, Profile. International partners are RT, ThomsonReuters, Sputnik, EFE, Cision, Pan Pacific Agency. Information partners are Snob media project, AEI PRIME, RNS, Expert magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Polit.ru, Ekho Moskvy radio station, PRO Business TV channel, FINAM.RU information and analytical agency, Davydov.Index, Strategiya magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Gosudarstvennaya Sluzhba magazine, TV BRICS.