The Gaidar Forum discussed the problems and prospects of experimental legal regimes in Russia and the world
On January 15, 2020, during the Gaidar Forum, an expert discussion "Experimental Legal Regimes: Foreign Experience and Russian Start" took place.
During the discussion moderated by Anton Lebedev, Director of the Department of Legal Foundation of the Digital Economy at the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, a report prepared by the Center for Public Administration Technologies at the RANEPA Institute of Applied Economic Research was presented.
Director of the Center Vladimir Yuzhakov noted the importance of experiments and experimental legal regimes in public administration in the context of digitalization and digital transformation.
The report was presented by the Center’s leading research fellow Alexei Efremov and the deputy director of the Center Elena Dobrolyubova. They described the results of foreign and international experience in the application of legal experiments and "regulatory sandboxes", the problems of Russian rulemaking in the field of experiments, their effectiveness and efficiency, as well as the methodology developed by the Center for evaluation of the effectiveness and efficiency of experimental legal regimes.
Yaroslav Eferin, a representative of the World Bank, in his speech informed that the World Bank prepares a special report on data management policy and the use of "regulatory sandboxes" in this area.
In his report, Victor Naumov, managing partner of Dentons' St. Petersburg office, the Head of the Russia IP, IT and Telecommunications practice, senior research fellow at the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, analyzed the foreign experience of the use of "regulatory sandboxes", including the conditions and reasons for their successful and unsuccessful implementation in different countries.
Victor Gridnev,Chairman Assistant of the Eurasian Economic Commission, spoke about the development and discussion of the concept of special regimes applying ("regulatory sandboxes") as part of the implementation of the EAEU digital agenda, highlighting the instrumental nature of such regimes for implementation of specific projects of the EAEU digital agenda.
The needs of Russian business in introduction of experimental legal regimes were noted by Anton Lebedev, who spoke about the collection of proposals by the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia.
Olga Shepeleva, senior expert at the Center for Strategic Research, head of the project area “Law and rulemaking in the digital environment” at the Center for Advanced Management Solutions, spoke about the identified needs of Russian regions interested in introduction of the institute of experimental legal regimes.
Yuri Tikhomirov, Deputy Head of the Center for Public Law Research of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, in his speech based on many years of first-hand experience in development and conduct of legal experiments emphasized the importance of their regulation in the draft federal law "On regulatory legal acts", and also pointed out the need for a clear delineation of powers of authorities at all levels as a condition for the successful implementation of the new institute.
Elvira Talapina, a leading research fellow at the Center for Public Administration Technologies at the Institute of Applied Economic Research, RANEPA, noted the prospects for use of experimental legal regimes in public administration.
Nikita Danilov, Chief for Relations with Executive Bodies at MegaFon PJSC, in his speech focused on the prospects of use of experimental legal regimes for the development of the big data market in Russia.