The future of innovation policy in Russia was discussed at the Gaidar Forum
The development of innovation in the face of acute international competition is a key factor in achieving leadership by both companies and states. At the 11th Gaidar Forum held at the RANEPA experts discussed current challenges facing the development of innovations in Russia.
Today, in all developed countries, corporate innovations receive comprehensive and flexible support from the state. The business also spends a significant share of revenue on research and development (from 3–7 % in the recourse industries to tens of percents in the IT industry).
In recent years, in Russia with significant state support, an infrastructure for the development of innovations was created, including innovation clusters, technology parks and special economic zones, agencies and institutes for the development of innovations, organizations involved in intellectual property protection, children's technology parks and centers for youth innovative creativity, etc. However, it has not yet been fully operating, and Russia holds the 46th place out of 129 countries in the Global Innovation Index.
The discussion at the panel session "Innovations in Russia: Planning for the future" was opened by Chairman of the Executive Board at RUSNANO Corporation Anatoly Chubais, who described successes and failures in the development of innovative economy in the country. He sees the emergence of terminology, the language of innovative economics, as the success. "This in itself sets the wheels in motion. The legislative framework has been created, venture funds have been formed, development institutions have emerged, for example, Skolkovo, which I consider to be a definite breakthrough into the future and I think that it will pay off in 10–15 years," added the Chairman of the Executive Board at RUSNANO Corporation, and among the failures, he named the flaws in the "Innovative Development Strategy of Russia for 2010–2020."
A more optimistic point of view was presented by the Director General at Foundation for the Assistance to Small Innovative Enterprises Sergey Polyakov, noting that the Russians harness their horses slowly but then they drive them fast. "Today, all the elements of the innovation system have been created in Russia, now we have to develop them," he said.
An important part of the session was the discussion of the theses of the Message to the Federal Assembly of the President of Russia, in which he set the task of expanding the demand for innovations within the country.
Head of the Department of Innovation and Advanced Studies of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation Vadim Medvedev said that Russia has already passed the period of institutional formation and now efforts are concentrated on development of infrastructure to support innovative entrepreneurship in all regions of the country.
Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Yury Balega believes that at the next stage of innovative development, it is necessary to intensify the interaction of science and business. "If we want innovation in the economy, we need to create intermediaries who can seek out what is happening in fundamental science and implement scientific discoveries in business and production. Such specialists must be specially trained; we are sorely lacking them. And, of course, it is necessary to increase investment in science, both academic and industrial."
The Minister in charge of Innovation and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia Nenad Popovic agreed, "One of the important ways for the successful development of innovations is to stimulate the investment of private corporations in startups. The state can help through creation of financial institutions but the customer of innovation should not be the state, but the private sector."
The Gaidar Forum is held at the RANEPA under the auspices of the Government of the Russian Federation and in 11 years it has become one of the most respected expert venues, which traditionally sets the vector for public and scientific discussion at the beginning of each year. The organizers of the 11th Gaidar Forum are the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia.
The title partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom PJSC and Gazprombank JSC. The strategic partners are Coca-Cola, Mastercard, Russian Railways, Pharmstandard group of companies, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Novartis group of companies, MSD, AKIG group of companies, EF Education First. Partners are Prosveshchenie group of companies, EY, Huawei, RVC JSC, Russian Agricultural Bank JSC.
The title information partners of the Gaidar Forum are the Russia-24 TV channel, TASS, RBC, Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishing House, Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Invest Foresight magazine, Federal Press Agency. The main information partners are Anews.com, Gazeta.Ru, Lenta.Ru, News.ru, Profile. International partners are RT, ThomsonReuters, Sputnik, EFE, Cision, Pan Pacific Agency. Information partners are Snob media project, AEI PRIME, RNS, Expert magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Polit.ru, Ekho Moskvy radio station, PRO Business TV channel, FINAM.RU information and analytical agency, Davydov.Index holding, Strategiya magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Gosudarstvennaya Sluzhba magazine, TV BRICS.