Prospects and risks of Eurasian integration today and by 2025
An expert discussion took place at the 11th Gaidar Forum, which is being held at the RANEPA, "EAEU – legal aspect of integration: development problems and prospects", during which the speakers discussed the development of the legal system of the Eurasian Economic Union.
The conclusion on May 29, 2014 of the Treaty establishing the Eurasian Economic Union and its entry into force on January 1, 2015 marked the beginning of a qualitatively new stage in the processes of Eurasian integration. The panel moderator, Head of the Department of International and Integration Law, Institute of Law and National Security, RANEPA, Ekaterina Alisievich, identified the most important topics that the experts then discussed during the session: the role of the EAEU Court in formation of the legal system of the Eurasian Economic Union, EU experience in the legal development of integration associations, and EAEU law and national legislation of states.
"The EAEU legal system is not perfect, it is formed by trial and error, however, it is being actively improved. Today, a strategy is being developed to deepen Eurasian integration by 2025," said Vladimir Taraskin, director of the legal department of the Eurasian Economic Commission.
"The efficiency of the EAEU directly depends on the judicial authority, since the court plays a significant role in the development of integration. Its purpose is to ensure uniform observance of the provisions of the Treaty by all members of the union," said Zholymbet Baishev, President of the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union. The speaker noted that during the year it is necessary to solve such an important task as expansion of the court jurisdiction.
The head of the secretariat of the member of the Board (Minister) in charge of Economy and Financial Policy of the Eurasian Economic Commission Askar Kishkembaev drew the attention of the audience to the fact that one of the most important economic tasks of Eurasian integration is to ensure freedom of movement of labor resources and the creation of a single labor market. A significant part of the preferences for workers enshrined in the union treaty is aimed at strengthening the social protection of citizens, but they still require further regulation. "In order to provide an opportunity to look for suitable work without leaving the place of residence, we have begun to create a single Internet resource – a unified system of job search without borders," the expert said. "This is the first practical step towards the creation of the Eurasian electronic labor exchange."
First Deputy Director of the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, President of the Russian Association of International Law Anatoly Kapustin said that EAEU law reflects the international legal model for regulation of the integration process and its most important feature is the dominant role of the intergovernmental factor. "The future will show whether it will be able to evolve towards the establishment of an independent national legal order or remain a subregional subsystem of international law," the speaker concluded.
Deputy Director for International Relations at the Institute of Law and National Security of the RANEPA Valery Smirnov saw the main objective of the discussion as the popularization of the activities of the Eurasian Economic Commission, discussion of problems and prospects in the development of the legal system of the Eurasian Economic Union, and forecasting further integration prospects.
The 11th Gaidar Forum “Russia and the World: Challenges of the New Decade” is being held at the Presidential Academy on January 15 and 16, 2020. The forum is focused on the goals of national and global development and the search for practical answers to the most pressing challenges of our time. The forum is attended by ministers of the Government of the Russian Federation, members of the Federal Assembly, governors of the Russian regions, prominent international experts, and representatives of foreign states.
The organizers of the 11th Gaidar Forum are the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia.
The title partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom PJSC and Gazprombank JSC. The strategic partners are Coca-Cola, Mastercard, Russian Railways, Pharmstandard group of companies, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Novartis group of companies, MSD, AKIG group of companies, EF Education First. Partners are Prosveshchenie group of companies, EY, Huawei, RVC JSC, Russian Agricultural Bank JSC.
The title information partners of the Gaidar Forum are the Russia-24 TV channel, TASS, RBC, Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishing House, Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Invest Foresight magazine, Federal Press Agency. The main information partners are Anews.com, Gazeta.Ru, Lenta.Ru, News.ru, Profile. International partners are RT, ThomsonReuters, Sputnik, EFE, Cision, Pan Pacific Agency. Information partners are Snob media project, AEI PRIME, RNS, Expert magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Polit.ru, Ekho Moskvy radio station, PRO Business TV channel, FINAM.RU information and analytical agency, Davydov.Index, Strategiya magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Gosudarstvennaya Sluzhba magazine, TV BRICS.