Clean up all the junk!
On January 15, on the first day of the 11th Gaidar Forum at RANEPA, an expert discussion was held, during which leading experts and representative of governmental institutions discussed the need for and potential consequences of cancellation of over 20 thousand Soviet regulations.
Regulations adopted in 1917 - 1991 still remain in effect in Russian law. The number of regulations that could potentially be repealed in the nearest future exceeds 20 thousand. Yury Lyubimov, Discussion Moderator; Deputy Chief of the Government Staff of the Russian Federation, noted the importance of prevention of potential risks of guillotining regulations that the state can still benefit of, and drew the attention of experts to the mechanism of reducing the number of demands without detriment to economic activities.
Denis Novak, Deputy Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation, believes that the work done is the first step towards implementation of the regulatory guillotine. On the other hand, this is the work that has been performed by the Ministry of Justice for a long time, but cannot come to an end. According to Denis Novak, work groups had to manually extract regulations at archives. “The work proved that we should take seriously reaction of the public to the requirements contained in some regulations, which may be of social nature,” the government official also noted. We have about two thousand acts left to work through. The project shall be finalized by March 1. The next stage, Denis Novak noted, is the incorporation work: “Here, mechanisms of the work group will be engaged in full.”
Yury Lyubimov added that the work has begun with the list of about 50 thousand documents, but, even at the listing stage, almost 30 thousand documents have gone, as they were of archive type or of individual nature. “Unfortunately, there is no unity of archives as regards documents of the Soviet era,” he stressed. According to him, an important part of the work performed by the Ministry of Justice is arranging these documents.
Aleksey Khersontsev, Deputy Minister of Economic Development – Head of the Federal Accreditation Service (Rosaccreditation), emphasizes that: “Now, we are convincing our colleagues from other agencies that the longer they issue lists, draft regulations on cancellation of their documents, the less time they will have to develop new mandatory updated requirements.” The expert also drew attention to the fact that the question of cancellation of regulations that have a direct bearing to business is addressed from time to time. Business, especially small business, is interested in lower barriers to enter the market.
Marina Bludyan, First Vice-President, the All-Russian Non-Governmental Organization of Small and Medium Business OPORA RUSSIA, noted that small business is represented almost in all work groups. She specifically emphasized that there are standards and requirements that overburden the business, obtrude various technical solutions on it. According to the expert, exactly direct participation of small business addresses the described problem: “If there is small business with a good expert assessment in the work group, all these things are identified.” Marina Bludyan noted that most regulations to be cancelled are complex, long and obsolete documents. Igor Bukharov, President of the Federation of Restaurateurs and Hoteliers of Russia, Dean of RANEPA Department of Hotel and Restaurant Business, supported her in this: “From the technology perspective, some regulations and standards cut no figure.”
Marina Bludyan added major representatives of business related to labor protection, i.e. trade unions, have the most aggressive and conservative stance with regard to cancellation of obsolete documents, as this is potentially associated with decrease in their salary level.
Yury Lyubimov emphasized that none has ever managed to cancel such a large volume of documents. “The story of Soviet regulations is certainly a test of not very complex nature yet, but, nevertheless, for us, this is an opportunity to cancel really obsolete requirements and to carry the work to completion,” the moderator added. He believes that, in any case, the progress will be positive: the issue is about the degree of this improvement.
Igor Bukharov commented on the discussion subject on behalf of the Federation of Restaurateurs and Hoteliers of Russia. The expert pointed out contradictions of provisions of obsolete documents and the modern conditions and emphasized the difficulties caused to small catering enterprises by non-tax payments levied by agencies according to these regulations.
To sum up the discussion, Yury Lyubimov noted that, contrary to common belief, guillotine is aimed at increase of control. Problems associated with ineffectiveness of control system manifest themselves every day: “The issue of building an advanced effective control procedure is the issue of our efficiency as a country. If the President has set the task to be effective, that is, we have to complete this task.” Experts were equally of the opinion that the work to cancel regulations should be brought to an end, as control and supervision are key functions of the state.
The 11th Gaidar Forum “Russia and the World: Challenges of the New Decade” is being held at the Presidential Academy on January 15 and 16, 2020. The forum is focused on the goals of national and global development and the search for practical answers to the most pressing challenges of our time. The forum is attended by ministers of the Government of the Russian Federation, members of the Federal Assembly, governors of the Russian regions, prominent international experts, and representatives of foreign states.
The organizers of the 11th Gaidar Forum are the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia.
The title partners of the Gaidar Forum are PJSC Gazprom and JSC Gazprombank. The strategic partners are Coca-Cola, Mastercard, Russian Railways, Pharmstandard group of companies, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Novartis group of companies, MSD, AKIG group of companies, EF Education First. Partners are Prosveshchenie group of companies, EY, Huawei, RVC JSC, Russian Agricultural Bank JSC.
The title information partners of the Gaidar Forum are the Russia-24 TV channel, TASS, RBC, Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishing House, Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Invest Foresight magazine, Federal Press Agency. The main information partners are Anews.com, Gazeta.Ru, Lenta.Ru, News.ru, Profile. International partners are RT, ThomsonReuters, Sputnik, EFE, Cision, Pan Pacific Agency. Information partners are Snob media project, AEI PRIME, RNS, Expert magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Polit.ru, Ekho Moskvy radio station, PRO Business TV channel, FINAM.RU information and analytical agency, Davydov.Index, Strategiya magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Gosudarstvennaya Sluzhba magazine, TV BRICS.