Agricultural Products Export will increase industry competitiveness
The contribution of exports to the development of domestic production, the impact of rising prices on the foreign market on the cost of agricultural products for Russian consumers and the effects of export restrictions in the form of quotas, bans and duties became the central topics of the “Influence of agricultural export on Russian agricultural producers and consumers" 11th Gaidar Forum’s expert discussion.
The agricultural sphere in Russia has shown steady growth over the past 20 years. Our country ranks first in the world in the export of wheat. The President of Russia set a goal to double the export of agricultural products to $45 billion by 2024. The discussion was built around the report called “Influence of agricultural export on Russian agricultural producers and consumers” prepared by the Center for Agri-Food Policy, RANEPA. “We want to focus on the fact that the export of agricultural products is not the goal of agricultural policy, but a means of increasing the competitiveness of Russian products,” said Natalia Shagayda, the moderator of the discussion, Director of the Center for Agri-Food Policy, RANEPA.
The study covers the period from 2000 to 2018, and the findings will allow us to "look into the future of Russian agricultural exports." Denis Ternovsky, Leading research fellow at the Center for Agro-Food Policy, presenting the report, noted that achieving the goals set by the President of the country by 2024 is “a non-trivial task” and requires changes in the structure of Russian exports and an almost double increase in intensity, and diversification “should reach values that we have not reached in the last two decades.”
The expert is also convinced that from 2000 to 2018, exports accounted for 33.6% of the growth of agricultural products in Russia. “Drawing conclusions on the contribution of exports to agricultural production, I would suggest looking at this question from different angles: where is the egg and where is the chicken, what is primary and what is secondary,” commented Maxim Titov, Director of the Department for Agro-Industrial Complex Markets Regulation of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation. “And speaking of 2000–2018, I would like to draw attention to the fact that during this period the Russian Agro-Industrial Complex created conditions for the development of animal husbandry and crop production. And first of all, the increase in poultry meat production is the result of import substitution work.”
Michal Českowski, Second Secretary for Agriculture, Embassy of the Republic of Poland in the Russian Federation, spoke about the experience of Poland, which ranks second in the export of agricultural products to the EU. “The advantage of Polish exports is processing. Low labor costs and high competitiveness of products ensure the dominance of processed products in the export structure – it’s about 80%,” the specialist noted.
Participants in the discussion supported the creation of a register of government support measures – for the purposes of the balance between trade on world markets and consumption of domestic products in the home country.
The Gaidar Forum is held at the RANEPA under the auspices of the Government of the Russian Federation and in 11 years it has become one of the most respected expert venues, which traditionally sets the vector for public and scientific discussion at the beginning of each year.
The organizers of the 11th Gaidar Forum are the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia.
The title partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom PJSC and Gazprombank JSC. The strategic partners are Coca-Cola, Mastercard, Russian Railways, Pharmstandard group of companies, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Novartis group of companies, MSD, AKIG group of companies, EF Education First. Partners are Prosveshchenie group of companies, EY, Huawei, RVC JSC, Russian Agricultural Bank JSC.
The title information partners of the Gaidar Forum are the Russia-24 TV channel, TASS, RBC, Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishing House, Interfax, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, Invest Foresight magazine, Federal Press Agency. The main information partners are Anews.com, Gazeta.Ru, Lenta.Ru, News.ru, Profile. International partners are RT, ThomsonReuters, Sputnik, EFE, Cision, Pan Pacific Agency. Information partners are Snob media project, AEI PRIME, RNS, Expert magazine, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Polit.ru, Ekho Moskvy radio station, PRO Business TV channel, FINAM.RU information and analytical agency, Davydov.Index holding, Strategiya magazine, Ekonomika i Zhizn newspaper, Econs portal, Gosudarstvennaya Sluzhba magazine, TV BRICS.