PRIVATIZATION IN RUSSIA: 30 YEARS LATER. THE SCALE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR

January 16, 2019, 11:30 – 13:00, Building 5, Floor 2, Lecture Room 214

A new global long-term “privatization wave” started in 2012. Financial changes due to privatization in the period of 2013–2016 alone amounted to nearly 1 billion US dollars. Russia has a privatization record of 30 years; nevertheless, in comparison with OECD countries and leading developing economies, the country holds one of the leading positions in terms of public sector scale (capitalization, employment, etc.).

Russia is experiencing a steady growth of the public sector in GDP. The public sector grew in the 2000s mainly due to companies with state participation and the public administration sector. 

There is a contradiction of formal progress (the number of objects owned by the state is steadily declining) and the real contribution of the public sector to the economy. A dualism is becoming more and more apparent: a de facto state capitalism and a de jure denationalization strategy. 

The main evaluation criteria in terms of the necessity for accelerated denationalization today, in contrast to the first stages of privatization in the 1990s and 2000s, are not political, social, and fiscal motives, but issues of optimizing the public sector in general and economic effectiveness. Privatization is an important tool for creating a competitive environment, improving the efficiency of corporate activities, and reducing the involvement of the state as a direct participant in market relations. The effect of external sanctions that complicate privatization in Russia does not eliminate this issue from the agenda for 2019-2024, but makes it in fact ever more relevant.

Issues for Discussion

  • Sustainable growth of the public sector in 2000-2017: uncertainty of expert opinions, measurement, assumptions, and costs for economic policy 
  • Are state companies inferior to their industry analogues in Russia and in the world in terms of efficiency?  
  • Is there a duality in public policy: state capitalism de facto and denationalization strategy de jure? 
  • The objectives and criteria of Russian privatization for 30 years: political, social, fiscal, economic efficiency - what next? 
  • Sanctions and privatization: strengthening state capitalism or a new “window of opportunity” for accelerated denationalization? Does privatization make sense under sanctions? 

Moderator

Participants

  • Ivan Aksyonov
    Ivan Aksyonov

    Deputy Chairman of the Management Board, Russian Post

  • Roman Bogdanov
    Roman Bogdanov

    Deputy Head of the Federal Agency for State Property Management

  • Oleg Buklemishev
    Oleg Buklemishev

    Director, Center for Economic Policy Research, Faculty of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University

  • Revold Entov
    Revold Entov

    Academician, Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Evsey Gurvich
    Evsey Gurvich

    Head of the Economic Expert Group, Head of the Center for Budget Analysis and Forecasting at the Financial Research Institute, Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation

  • Petr Lanskov
    Petr Lanskov

    Chairman, Professional Association of Registrars, Transfer Agents and Depositories

  • Dmitry Pristanskov
    Dmitry Pristanskov

    Member, Directors Board, Sheremetyevo International Airport; Head of the Federal Agency for State Property Management (2016-2018)

  • Boris Rubtsov
    Boris Rubtsov

    Deputy Chairman ,Department of financial markets and banks, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

  • Yury Simachev
    Yury Simachev

    Director for Economic Policy, National Research University Higher School of Economics

  • Oleg Vyugin
    Oleg Vyugin

    Chairman, Moscow Exchange Supervisory Board

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A new global long-term “privatization wave” started in 2012. Financial changes due to privatization in the period of 2013–2016 alone amounted to nearly 1 billion US dollars. Russia has a privatization record of 30 years; nevertheless, in comparison with OECD countries and leading developing economies, the country holds one of the leading positions in terms of public sector scale (capitalization, employment, etc.).

Russia is experiencing a steady growth of the public sector in GDP. The public sector grew in the 2000s mainly due to companies with state participation and the public administration sector. 

There is a contradiction of formal progress (the number of objects owned by the state is steadily declining) and the real contribution of the public sector to the economy. A dualism is becoming more and more apparent: a de facto state capitalism and a de jure denationalization strategy. 

The main evaluation criteria in terms of the necessity for accelerated denationalization today, in contrast to the first stages of privatization in the 1990s and 2000s, are not political, social, and fiscal motives, but issues of optimizing the public sector in general and economic effectiveness. Privatization is an important tool for creating a competitive environment, improving the efficiency of corporate activities, and reducing the involvement of the state as a direct participant in market relations. The effect of external sanctions that complicate privatization in Russia does not eliminate this issue from the agenda for 2019-2024, but makes it in fact ever more relevant.

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A new global long-term “privatization wave” started in 2012. Financial changes due to privatization in the period of 2013–2016 alone amounted to nearly 1 billion US dollars. Russia has a privatization record of 30 years; nevertheless, in comparison with OECD countries and leading developing economies, the country holds one of the leading positions in terms of public sector scale (capitalization, employment, etc.).

Russia is experiencing a steady growth of the public sector in GDP. The public sector grew in the 2000s mainly due to companies with state participation and the public administration sector. 

There is a contradiction of formal progress (the number of objects owned by the state is steadily declining) and the real contribution of the public sector to the economy. A dualism is becoming more and more apparent: a de facto state capitalism and a de jure denationalization strategy. 

The main evaluation criteria in terms of the necessity for accelerated denationalization today, in contrast to the first stages of privatization in the 1990s and 2000s, are not political, social, and fiscal motives, but issues of optimizing the public sector in general and economic effectiveness. Privatization is an important tool for creating a competitive environment, improving the efficiency of corporate activities, and reducing the involvement of the state as a direct participant in market relations. The effect of external sanctions that complicate privatization in Russia does not eliminate this issue from the agenda for 2019-2024, but makes it in fact ever more relevant.

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A new global long-term “privatization wave” started in 2012. Financial changes due to privatization in the period of 2013–2016 alone amounted to nearly 1 billion US dollars. Russia has a privatization record of 30 years; nevertheless, in comparison with OECD countries and leading developing economies, the country holds one of the leading positions in terms of public sector scale (capitalization, employment, etc.).

Russia is experiencing a steady growth of the public sector in GDP. The public sector grew in the 2000s mainly due to companies with state participation and the public administration sector. 

There is a contradiction of formal progress (the number of objects owned by the state is steadily declining) and the real contribution of the public sector to the economy. A dualism is becoming more and more apparent: a de facto state capitalism and a de jure denationalization strategy. 

The main evaluation criteria in terms of the necessity for accelerated denationalization today, in contrast to the first stages of privatization in the 1990s and 2000s, are not political, social, and fiscal motives, but issues of optimizing the public sector in general and economic effectiveness. Privatization is an important tool for creating a competitive environment, improving the efficiency of corporate activities, and reducing the involvement of the state as a direct participant in market relations. The effect of external sanctions that complicate privatization in Russia does not eliminate this issue from the agenda for 2019-2024, but makes it in fact ever more relevant.

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A new global long-term “privatization wave” started in 2012. Financial changes due to privatization in the period of 2013–2016 alone amounted to nearly 1 billion US dollars. Russia has a privatization record of 30 years; nevertheless, in comparison with OECD countries and leading developing economies, the country holds one of the leading positions in terms of public sector scale (capitalization, employment, etc.).

Russia is experiencing a steady growth of the public sector in GDP. The public sector grew in the 2000s mainly due to companies with state participation and the public administration sector. 

There is a contradiction of formal progress (the number of objects owned by the state is steadily declining) and the real contribution of the public sector to the economy. A dualism is becoming more and more apparent: a de facto state capitalism and a de jure denationalization strategy. 

The main evaluation criteria in terms of the necessity for accelerated denationalization today, in contrast to the first stages of privatization in the 1990s and 2000s, are not political, social, and fiscal motives, but issues of optimizing the public sector in general and economic effectiveness. Privatization is an important tool for creating a competitive environment, improving the efficiency of corporate activities, and reducing the involvement of the state as a direct participant in market relations. The effect of external sanctions that complicate privatization in Russia does not eliminate this issue from the agenda for 2019-2024, but makes it in fact ever more relevant.

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  • Are state companies inferior to their industry analogues in Russia and in the world in terms of efficiency?  
  • Is there a duality in public policy: state capitalism de facto and denationalization strategy de jure? 
  • The objectives and criteria of Russian privatization for 30 years: political, social, fiscal, economic efficiency - what next? 
  • Sanctions and privatization: strengthening state capitalism or a new “window of opportunity” for accelerated denationalization? Does privatization make sense under sanctions? 
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[~NAME] => Презентация [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [SPEAKERS] => Array ( [ID] => 230 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-22 11:26:55 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Спикеры [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 105 [CODE] => SPEAKERS [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => E [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 17 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Спикеры [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [SUBTITLE] => Array ( [ID] => 74 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:19:10 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Подзаголовок [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 110 [CODE] => SUBTITLE [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => S [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Подзаголовок [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [MSP_REPRESENTATIVES] => Array ( [ID] => 78 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:20:11 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Представители МСП [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 120 [CODE] => MSP_REPRESENTATIVES [DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] => [TYPE] => HTML ) [PROPERTY_TYPE] => S [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => HTML [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => Array ( [height] => 200 ) [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Представители МСП [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] => [TYPE] => HTML ) ) [MEDIA_LINK] => Array ( [ID] => 135 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2018-01-16 21:02:27 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Медиаматериалы [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 130 [CODE] => MEDIA_LINK [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => E [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 36 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => 106430 [VALUE] => 19449 [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => 19449 [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Медиаматериалы [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [CALENDAR] => Array ( [ID] => 131 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:20:36 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Календарь [ACTIVE] => Y 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[LANGUAGES] => Array ( [ID] => 224 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-20 14:26:52 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Рабочие языки [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 170 [CODE] => LANGUAGES [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => Y [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => Array ( [0] => 106432 [1] => 106431 ) [VALUE] => Array ( [0] => Russian [1] => English ) [DESCRIPTION] => Array ( [0] => [1] => ) [VALUE_ENUM] => Array ( [0] => Russian [1] => English ) [VALUE_XML_ID] => Array ( [0] => affb1430ade1dabb9b750ff1961d2505 [1] => 296b3d354b8509e4ce2133793442286c ) [VALUE_SORT] => Array ( [0] => 10 [1] => 30 ) [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => Array ( [0] => 54 [1] => 56 ) [~VALUE] => Array ( [0] => Russian [1] => English ) [~DESCRIPTION] => Array ( [0] => [1] => ) [~NAME] => Рабочие языки [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [INVITATION_ONLY] => Array ( [ID] => 225 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-22 18:34:07 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Вход по индивидуальным приглашениям [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 180 [CODE] => INVITATION_ONLY [DEFAULT_VALUE] => [PROPERTY_TYPE] => L [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => C [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => N [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => [VALUE] => [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [VALUE_ENUM_ID] => [~VALUE] => [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Вход по индивидуальным приглашениям [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => ) [PREMIUM_ONLY] => Array ( [ID] => 233 [TIMESTAMP_X] => 2017-12-22 18:34:07 [IBLOCK_ID] => 18 [NAME] => Вход с бэйджами категории «ПРЕМИУМ» [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 190 [CODE] => PREMIUM_ONLY [DEFAULT_VALUE] 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[NAME] => Вопросы для обсуждения [ACTIVE] => Y [SORT] => 10 [CODE] => QUESTIONS [DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TYPE] => HTML [TEXT] => ) [PROPERTY_TYPE] => S [ROW_COUNT] => 1 [COL_COUNT] => 30 [LIST_TYPE] => L [MULTIPLE] => N [XML_ID] => 12 [FILE_TYPE] => [MULTIPLE_CNT] => 5 [TMP_ID] => [LINK_IBLOCK_ID] => 0 [WITH_DESCRIPTION] => Y [SEARCHABLE] => N [FILTRABLE] => N [IS_REQUIRED] => N [VERSION] => 1 [USER_TYPE] => HTML [USER_TYPE_SETTINGS] => Array ( [height] => 200 ) [HINT] => [PROPERTY_VALUE_ID] => 75068 [VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] => <ul class="style-prog-list"> <li>Sustainable growth of the public sector in 2000-2017: uncertainty of expert opinions, measurement, assumptions, and costs for economic policy </li> <li>Are state companies inferior to their industry analogues in Russia and in the world in terms of efficiency?  </li> <li>Is there a duality in public policy: state capitalism de facto and denationalization strategy de jure? </li> <li>The objectives and criteria of Russian privatization for 30 years: political, social, fiscal, economic efficiency - what next? </li> <li>Sanctions and privatization: strengthening state capitalism or a new “window of opportunity” for accelerated denationalization? Does privatization make sense under sanctions? </li> </ul> [TYPE] => HTML ) [DESCRIPTION] => [VALUE_ENUM] => [VALUE_XML_ID] => [VALUE_SORT] => [~VALUE] => Array ( [TEXT] =>
  • Sustainable growth of the public sector in 2000-2017: uncertainty of expert opinions, measurement, assumptions, and costs for economic policy 
  • Are state companies inferior to their industry analogues in Russia and in the world in terms of efficiency?  
  • Is there a duality in public policy: state capitalism de facto and denationalization strategy de jure? 
  • The objectives and criteria of Russian privatization for 30 years: political, social, fiscal, economic efficiency - what next? 
  • Sanctions and privatization: strengthening state capitalism or a new “window of opportunity” for accelerated denationalization? Does privatization make sense under sanctions? 
[TYPE] => HTML ) [~DESCRIPTION] => [~NAME] => Вопросы для обсуждения [~DEFAULT_VALUE] => Array ( [TYPE] => HTML [TEXT] => ) [DISPLAY_VALUE] =>
  • Sustainable growth of the public sector in 2000-2017: uncertainty of expert opinions, measurement, assumptions, and costs for economic policy 
  • Are state companies inferior to their industry analogues in Russia and in the world in terms of efficiency?  
  • Is there a duality in public policy: state capitalism de facto and denationalization strategy de jure? 
  • The objectives and criteria of Russian privatization for 30 years: political, social, fiscal, economic efficiency - what next? 
  • Sanctions and privatization: strengthening state capitalism or a new “window of opportunity” for accelerated denationalization? Does privatization make sense under sanctions? 
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THE SCALE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR [ELEMENT_CHAIN] => PRIVATIZATION IN RUSSIA: 30 YEARS LATER. THE SCALE AND THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PUBLIC SECTOR [BROWSER_TITLE] => [KEYWORDS] => [DESCRIPTION] => ) [EXPERTSTYPES] => Array ( [0] => OPENINGS [1] => SAY_HIS [2] => MODERATORS [3] => KEYREPORT_MODERATOR [4] => KEYREPORTS [5] => KEYREPORT2S [6] => SPEAKERS [7] => SPEECH [8] => PRESENTATIONS [9] => MEMBERS [10] => PARTICIPANTS [11] => MEMBERS_AND_EXPERTS [12] => DISCUSS_MEMBERS [13] => AUTHORS [14] => LECTORS ) [DATE_EVENT] => January 16, 2019 [START_TIME] => 11:30 [END_TIME] => 13:00 [TIME_EVENT] => January 16 [OGDESC] =>

A new global long-term “privatization wave” started in 2012. Financial changes due to privatization in the period of 2013–2016 alone amounted to nearly 1 billion US dollars. Russia has a privatization record of 30 years; nevertheless, in comparison with OECD countries and leading developing economies, the country holds one of the leading positions in terms of public sector scale (capitalization, employment, etc.).

Russia is experiencing a steady growth of the public sector in GDP. The public sector grew in the 2000s mainly due to companies with state participation and the public administration sector. 

There is a contradiction of formal progress (the number of objects owned by the state is steadily declining) and the real contribution of the public sector to the economy. A dualism is becoming more and more apparent: a de facto state capitalism and a de jure denationalization strategy. 

The main evaluation criteria in terms of the necessity for accelerated denationalization today, in contrast to the first stages of privatization in the 1990s and 2000s, are not political, social, and fiscal motives, but issues of optimizing the public sector in general and economic effectiveness. Privatization is an important tool for creating a competitive environment, improving the efficiency of corporate activities, and reducing the involvement of the state as a direct participant in market relations. The effect of external sanctions that complicate privatization in Russia does not eliminate this issue from the agenda for 2019-2024, but makes it in fact ever more relevant.

)