The National Report on the high-tech business development in the Russian regions was presented at the Gaidar Forum
The national report on the development of high-tech business in the regions of Russia (the Report) was prepared by the RANEPA and AIRR together with the Interfax Group (using data from the SPARK system and SPARK-Marketing). The development of the Report has been supported by the Heads of the AIRR regions.
The global goal of the Report is to identify potential points of non-resource growth of the Russian economy. The Presidential Decree dated May 7, 2018 “On the national goals and strategic objectives of the development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2024” noted the need to accelerate the technological development of the Russian Federation and form a non-resource-based globally competitive sector. At the same time, disputes over the choice of the support methods continue.
According to the authors of the Report, the problem of the low level of new technologies introduction lies not in the insufficient stimulation of innovative activity, but in the peculiarities of the structure of the Russian economy, in the predominance of low-technology (resource-based) industries. Therefore, the Report explores high-end industries at the forefront of scientific research. High-tech business is already making a significant contribution to the Russian economy (about 22% of GDP, 34.3% of the number of employees, about 17% in profit taxes), it plays a crucial role in import substitution and ensuring the national security of the country. But technological entrepreneurship does not develop fast enough in the environment of global digital transformation.
The ongoing global processes of industrial automation, the introduction of smart systems can lead to a significant reduction in employment in Russia in the 2030’s. According to estimates in the Report, about half of the jobs can be automated. In fact, the establishment of a new business as a form of creativity and self-accomplishment becomes the only alternative for mass employment ensuring.
Based on the global trends and federal policy approaches, the realization of the new economy opportunities will be largely determined by the policies of regional authorities aimed at stimulation of entrepreneurial initiatives and technology leaders cultivation. Therefore, the original monitoring system developed by the authors of the Report is important for regional administrations, as it allows tracking the formation of a non-resource-based economy in accordance with the Presidential Decree, and diagnosing potential risks of the digital economy.
A number of the largest and most successful regions for the development of high-tech business can become centers of non-resource-based growth of the Russian economy in the long term: Moscow, St. Petersburg, the Moscow Region, the Republic of Tatarstan, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk Regions, Perm Krai, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Rostov, Chelyabinsk Regions, and a number of other subjects of the Federation.
Compared to the results of the previous year, the following regions improved their position mostly in the rating of conditions and resources for the development of high-tech business: Tomsk (+7 places in the rating), Vologodskaya (+7), Novosibirsk (+4), Kaluga (+3), Rostov (+2 ), Leningrad (+2) and Ulyanovsk (+2)Regions. The following regions improved their position mostly in the rating of regional contributions to the development of high-tech business in Russia: Volgograd (+8), Rostov (+7), Irkutsk (+7), Kaluga (+7), Chelyabinsk (+4) Regions, the Republic of Bashkortostan ( +3) and the Krasnoyarsk Territory (+3).
10th Gaidar Forum Organizers:
The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA);
The Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy (Gaidar Institute);
The Association of Innovative Regions of Russia (AIRR).
The general partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom and Gazprombank; strategic partners include Prosveshcheniye publishing house, Coca-Cola, Pharmstandard group, ACIG Group of Companies, the Russian Textbook Corporation, SANOFI, Novartis, Johnson & Johnson, Russian Railways, MSD, and Mastercard; EY, Cisco and Russian Direct Investment Fund are partners. This discussion’s partners are Philips, Cherkizovo and RVC.
The general information partners of the Gaidar Forum include the Rossiya 24 TV channel, Forbes global media company, RBC and TASS news agencies. The official information agency is Rossiya Segodnya. The general radio partner is Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishers, the RT TV channel, Interfax and Gazeta.RU. The main information partners are Profil weekly, FederalPress news agency, and Invest Foresight online magazine. The international information partners are Sputnik and Cision. Other media partners include PRIME news agency, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, RNS news agency, Radio Ekho Moskvy, News.Ru, Polit.ru, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, the PRO BUSINESS TV channel, Strategia magazine, AK&M, BRICS, Ekonomika i Zhizn weekly, National Banking Journal, Expert Tatarstan magazine, the Smart Country information platform, Financial One, Naans Media, and the Public Administration scientific political journal.