Regions of Russia on the demographic map of the world (VIDEO)
On January 16, at the Gaidar Forum, regional demographic indicators in Russia were compared with ones of other countries of the world. The presentation of two products was made by Sergei Shcherbov, Head of International Laboratory of Demography and Human Capital, RANEPA, who set out in detail the demographic projections by 2050.
Regions of Russia are so different from each other in individual demographic indicators that the differences between some of them are close to the differences between the most developed and developing countries of the world. For the first time for the regions of Russia, the Human Life Indicator (HLI) was presented. The indicator serves as an analogue of the Human Development Index, but is free from many of its shortcomings and problems with comparison and evaluation. The Human Life Indicator takes inequality in life expectancy into account.
The report compared the regional values of demographic indicators with countries of the world. The report itself is based on data from the 2019 Russian demographic report. Russian Demographic Data Sheet is the result of joint work of RANEPA, Rosstat and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) and contains both information on the current demographic situation and demographic forecasts for the regions of Russia until 2050. The Sheet reflects both traditional and a number of the latest demographic indicators calculated for Russia (such as the “old age threshold”, prospective demographic load, etc.). Demographic Data Sheet allows to analyze the regional demographic situation, as well as to take a comprehensive look at the regional processes in Russia. The Sheet also predicts differences in the number of persons of retirement age after changing the retirement age itself.
Svetlana Nikitina, Head of the Department of of Population and Healthcare Statistics of the Central Office of the Federal State Statistics Service, spoke about the prospects for providing such products with information and briefly focused on new indicators that the Federal State Statistics Service is starting to count on in the framework of the national project “Demography”.
Svetlana Petrova, the Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation in her speech focused on the most important issues for which a number of measures were developed in the national project.
In addition, she announced that the development of various forms of employment in rural and urban areas is expected, depending on the development priorities of the region. These activities will be aimed at different groups of the population, not only women, but also people who are retired or are in a pre-retirement age.
At the end of her speech, Svetlana Petrova singled out the key factors that influence the rates of natural growth, attributable primarily to life expectancy and the formation of a need for a healthy lifestyle.
And continuing with the theme, Vadim Zhivulin, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Federation, spoke about how demographic factors are taken into account when developing a spatial development strategy and why they are important. “There is a direct relationship between having a serious economic potential and involving people from other subjects,” the speaker noted and said that as part of the spatial economic development policy, it is necessary to talk more and more about the need to increase growth centers and decentralization of the economy in Russia.
“Andrei Nikitin, Governor of the Novgorod Region, focused on several aspects in his speech. He talked about how we can reach the target scenario by maximally stimulating families for the birth of two or more children through the introduction of additional payments. In addition, the governor explained in detail what can be done in the region to stimulate interest in blue-collar occupations, with the increase in the level of wages of highly qualified specialists, with a definition of the role and place of Novgorod University in the new system of personnel training. The governor drew the attention of listeners to the experience of the region in solving the issue with jobs, including attracting new enterprises to the territory of the region. The topic of agglomeration with the nearest major cities, in general was also concerned, as well as the topic about the dynamics of the development of the Novgorod region.
“The life expectancy of both men and women in Moscow who have reached 65 years old today is expected to be 21 years old,” said Anastasia Rakova, Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Moscow Government for Social Development, in her speech at the Forum. She focused on the formation of the currently new social institutions:
Implementation of the program “Active Longevity”, which allows every Moscow resident of advanced age at every point of their residence in Moscow to be able to get the widest range of services and organize their leisure time.
Special medical programs for these categories, including medical patronage.
Special training and retraining programs and a special separate employment center, which will be aimed at people who will not retire in the coming years to adapt them to the current needs of the labor market.
Long-term care system. From home care by a specially created customer-oriented system to the development of a network of stationary institutions with round-the-clock supervision.
Continuing with the theme, Natalia Komarova, Governor of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Area of Ugra expressed her opinion that the spatial development strategy should be as synchronized as possible with decisions on the implementation of high human activity and population migration.
At the end of the expert discussion, Artem Zdunov, Chairman of the Government of the Republic of Dagestan, drew the attention of the session participants to the fact that in all regions it is necessary to engage in the development of human capital and seriously start working with the family institution, which has a very strong influence on the quality of social and economic indicators.
10th Gaidar Forum Organizers:
The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA);
The Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy (Gaidar Institute);
The Association of Innovative Regions of Russia (AIRR).
The general partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom and Gazprombank; strategic partners include Prosveshcheniye publishing house, Coca-Cola, Pharmstandard group, ACIG Group of Companies, the Russian Textbook Corporation, SANOFI, Novartis, Johnson & Johnson, Russian Railways, MSD, and Mastercard; EY, Cisco and Russian Direct Investment Fund are partners. This discussion’s partners are Philips, Cherkizovo and RVC.
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