Rating of innovative regions of Russia presented at Gaidar Forum
The Rating Results of Innovative Regions of Russia were presented on January 16, the first day of the Gaidar Forum, Russia and the World: Values and Virtues.
The experts presented a ranking based on their monitoring of the regions and their proposals for improvement.
“We tried to develop a rating that relied on objective data and would not give any chance of subjectivity, as the data was collected at the same time,” said State Secretary - Deputy Minister of Economic Development Oleg Fomichev who moderated the discussion.
AIRR Project Manager Roza Semyonova who presented the rating spoke about the goals of the rating and how it was developed. The Association of Innovative Regions of Russia (AIRR) developed its rating in 2012, in cooperation with the Ministry of Economic Development, for monitoring and management purposes. The rating includes 29 quantitative indicators organized in semantic categories. The three basic categories – research and development, innovation, and socio-economic conditions for innovation – do not change, which means longterm dynamics can be monitored. In 2016, the region’s innovative activity was added to the rating as a separate category.
“A group of advanced regions includes 26 constituent areas of the Russian Federation that are strong and medium strong innovators; 29 regions form a group of medium innovators; 30 regions are lagging behind – they are medium weak and weak,” the expert said. The leaders include St. Petersburg, Moscow and Tatarstan. The Ulyanovsk Region showed impressive growth, rising eight positions to the top eight. “The rating methodology is based on a comparative approach. Therefore the regions’ relative positions might have worsened because others showed even greater growth,” she explained.
“This rating is different from others because it covers the region’s innovative activity category, so it is important to keep this unit,” said Oksana Kozlovskaya, speaker of the Tomsk regional legislature. “A rating should reflect the contribution of all participants, high-tech businesses, research and educational institutions, development institutions, and the authorities.” According to the speaker, the regions are becoming actively involved in the rating process and studying it thoroughly.
Chief Research Fellow at the Central Economic and Mathematics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences Oleg Golichenko said the study required a system-wide approach. In particular, the share of innovative products in the region should be estimated in a comprehensive manner. “In some cases there is high intensity, but when you look on the inside, it turns out that innovation is ‘smeared’ across the region, and there are no strong leaders. But if you split that indicator in two, you will see that some have strong cores, and others have weak cores, but there are a lot of them,” the speaker explained. He also proposed using the cluster approach for analysis and breaking the regions into groups according to certain indicators. In this case, he said, the regions will need support, not ratings.
Other experts included Section Head at the Interagency Analytical Center Vladimir Kiselyov; General Director of the Innovation Promotion Fund Sergei Polyakov; General Director of the Expert RA Rating Agency Sergei Tishchenko; and Governor of the Ulyanovsk Region Sergei Morozov.
The organizers include the Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA), the Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy (Gaidar Institute) and the Association of Innovative Regions of Russia (AIRR).
The program outline is available at the forum website.
Participation is free; preliminary registration is required.
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