First Deputy Chairman, State Duma of the Russian Federation; Chairman, Presidium, the National Board of Business and Management Education (NASDOBR)
Since 2013 - Co-Chairman of the Public Council for Development of Rapid and High-Speed Railway Traffic in the Russian Federation.
Member of the International Olympic Committee.
Since 2011 - First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma of the sixth convocation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Member of the fraction of the United Russia All-Russian Political Party. Member of the Budget and Taxation Committee of the Russian Federation State Duma. Member of the Supreme Council of the United Russia Party.
Since 2010 - President of the Russian Olympic Committee.
2008 to 2014 - Head of the Board of Trustees of the Federal Housing Development Foundation.
Since 2006 - Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the State Academic Bolshoi Theatre.
2004 to 2011 - Head of the Board of Directors of Russian Railways OJSC.
2004 to 2011 - Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, in charge of the ministries of the economic block and social policy. He was a member of the Presidium of the Presidential Council for the implementation of national priority projects, in various years he was chairman of the Governmental Commissions for Legislative Activity; for Improving the Efficiency of Budget Expenses; for Development of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses; for Religious Associations under the Government of the Russian Federation and several other.
From 1993 to 2004, he was elected Deputy in the State Duma four times by the residents of the Preobrazhensky electoral district of Moscow. In the State Duma of the first convocation, he was a member of the State Duma's Committee for Budget, Taxes, Banks and Finance, Chairman of the Subcommittee for Foreign Exchange Regulation, Foreign Debt, Precious Metals and Stones. In the Duma of the second and third convocations, he was Chairman of the Budget and Taxation Committee. In the fourth convocation - Deputy of State Duma of the Russian Federation, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma.
1991 to 1993 - Vice President of Foreign Trade Joint-Stock Company Avtotraktoroexport.
1986 to 1989 - Member of the Baumansky District Council of People's Deputies.
1980 to 1991 - an employee of the Monetary and Economic Department of the Ministry of Finance of the USSR.
From 1978 to 1980, he worked in the All-Union Research Institute of System Research of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
In 1978, he graduated from the Economic Faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University as an Economist-Mathematician, in 1991 - from the Harvard Business School for senior executives and civil servants.
Honorary Economist of the Russian Federation.
Awarded with the For Merit to the Fatherland Fourth and Third Class Order, Order of Alexander Nevsky, Order of Honor, Order of Friendship, Second Class Stolypin Medal , Certificates of Merit of the President of the Russian Federation, Government of the Russian Federation and State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, Commendations of the President of the Russian Federation and Chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, and Order of the Russian Orthodox Church.